Grammar of Nepali Language

Nominal inflection in Nepali

 

Nepali has 6 or 7 (depending on grammars) main functions that are equivalent to what other languages describe as cases. Note that direct objects and indirect object function have the same particule (-lai).

 

Nominative: subject function - no suffix affixed Ø

 

Accusative: direct object function (answering the question "who", "what") - adding the suffix -lai

 

Dative: indirect object (answering the question to who, to what) - adding the suffix -lai

 

Intrumental: function showing "by the mean of..." - adding the suffix -le

 

Ablative: function showing the origin - adding the suffix -bata

 

Genitive: function of noun complement "of" - add the suffix - ko

 

Locative: function of adverb of place - adding the suffix -maa

 

The addition of post-position is extremely similar to nominal inflection but the main difference is that adding postposition doesn't involve particular function sets by the grammar. We can therefore say "nepal-ko barema - about Nepal".

 

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